Gilgit is the capital city of the Gilgit-Baltistan Pakistan, located in a small valley near the confluence of the Gilgit River and Hunza River.
Gilgit is a major tourist destination in northern Pakistan, and serves as a hub for mountaineering expeditions in the Karakoram Range.
It was an important stop on the ancient Silk Road, and today serves as a major junction along the Karakoram Highway with road connections to China, Skardu, Chitral, and Islamabad.
Gilgit is the capital city of the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. It is located in a small valley near the confluence of the Gilgit River and Hunza River.
Gilgit is situated amongst some of the worlds most dramatic mountain scenery.
Gilgit is situated in a valley formed by the confluence of the Indus River, Hunza River and Gilgit River, southwest of Karakoram range at an elevation of 1,500m.
The Gilgit River flows through the valley.
The prevalent season of Gilgit is winter, occupying the valley eight to nine months a year.
Weather conditions for Gilgit are dominated by its geographical location, a valley in a mountainous area, southwest of Karakoram range.
Gilgit lacks significant rainfall, averaging in 120 to 240 millimetres (4.7 to 9.4 in) annually, as monsoon breaks against the southern range of Himalayas.
Irrigation for land cultivation is obtained from the rivers, abundant with melting snow water from higher altitudes.
The summer season is brief and hot. Strong sunshine occasionally raises temperaturs to 40 °C , though it typically is cooler in the shade.
As a result of this extremity in the weather, landslides and avalanches are frequent in some area.
In 2009 Government of Pakistan changed the status of the Northern Areas through a presidential ordinance and has renamed it as Gilgit Baltistan.
The local government system is based on a Legislative Council (Provincial Assembly), elected by people in all six districts through voting, headed by a speaker. Technocrats and women members are later elected/selected through a proper system.
Inspector General of Police, heads the police department, with deputy superintendents.
Gilgit city is one of the two major hubs for all mountaineering expeditions in Gilgit-Baltistan.
Almost all tourists headed for treks in Karakoram or Himalaya Ranges depart from Gilgit.
About 99% of the population of Gilgit is Muslim, with 71% being Twelver Shia Muslims, 17% being Ismaili Shia Muslims and 12% being Sunni Muslims.
There are several tourist attractions relatively close to Gilgit:
Naltar Valley : a valley near Gilgit.
Naltar Peak : a mountain in Naltar Valley in the Gilgit District.
Hunza Valley : a mountainous valley in the Gilgit Baltistan.
Nagar Valley : a valley near Gilgit Valley.
Fairy Meadows : a grassland near one of the base camp sites of the Nanga Parbat.
Naltar Lake : three lakes in the Naltar valley.
Rush Lake : a high altitude lake located in Nagar Valley.
Nomal : a small valley located at a distance of 25 km north of Gilgit city.
Gilgit is served by the nearby Gilgit Airport, with direct flights to Islamabad. Gilgit Airport is a small domestic airport situated 2.3 km east of Gilgit.
Currently Pakistan International Airlines operates ATR-42 aircraft on the Islamabad-Gilgit route. It takes about an hour from Islamabad to Gilgit.
Flight Schedules also depend upon the Weather Conditions. All flights are subject to weather clearance, and in winters, flights are often delayed by several days.
You will enjoy the journey flying above the three mightiest mountain ranges, i.e. Himalaya, Karakoram and Hindukush. Snow covered peaks include K-2 and Nanga Parbat.
Gilgit is located approximately 10 kilometres from the Karakoram Highway (KKH), which connects Gilgit to Chilas, Dasu, Besham, Mansehra, Abbottabad and Islamabad in the south. Gilgit is connected to Karimabad (Hunza) and Sust in the north, with further connections to the Chinese cities of Tashkurgan, Upal and Kashgar in Xinjiang.
Gilgit is also linked to Chitral in the west, and Skardu to the east by road.
Transport companies such as the Silk Route Transport Pvt, Masherbrum Transport Pvt and Northern Areas Transport Corporation (NATCO), offer passenger road transport between Islamabad, Gilgit, Sust, and Kashgar and Tashkurgan in China.
Gilgit is not served by any rail connections.
Long term plans for the China Pakistan Economic Corridor call for construction of the 682 kilometre long Khunjerab Railway, which is expected to be completed in 2030, that would also serve Gilgit.