HikePK

Gilgit-Baltistan

is the most spectacular region of PAkistan in terms of its geography and scenic beauty.

Gilgit-Baltistan

Gilgit-Baltistan has been under Pakistan administration since 1947 and was given self-governing status on August 29, 2009. Gilgit-Baltistan comprises 10 districts within three divisions. The four districts of Skardu Kharmang Shigar and Ghanche are in the Baltistan Division, four districts of Gilgit Ghizer Hunza and Nagar districts which were carved out of Gilgit District are in the Gilgit Division and the third division is Diamir, comprising Chilas and Astore.

Gilgit-Baltistan covers an area of over 72,971 km2 and is highly mountainous. Its capital city is Gilgit. The main political centres are the towns of Gilgit and Skardu.

Gilgit-Baltistan is home to five of the "eight-thousanders" and to more than fifty peaks above 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). Three of the worlds longest glaciers outside the polar regions are found in Gilgit-Baltistan. Tourism is mostly in trekking and mountaineering, and this industry is growing in importance.

Acknowledging the vast potential of tourism and its effects on downstream industries, the Government of Pakistan as well as the Gilgit Baltistan Administration are focusing on tourism for creation of employment opportunities, achieving higher economic growth and to introduce to the outside world, "the hidden treasures" of Gilgit Baltistan.

Gilgit-Baltistan is the northernmost administrative territory in Pakistan. According to Pakistans constitution, Gilgit-Baltistan is a self governing Semi-Autonomous region under Pakistani Federal Government.

Gilgit Baltistan is the most spectacular region of Pakistan in terms of its geography and scenic beauty.

Passu Cones Gulmit Village Gojal Pakistan

Passu Cones Gulmit Village Gojal Pakistan

Beautiful landscape, unique cultural heritage and rich biological diversity given the Gilgit Baltistan a competitive advantage in attracting tourists from all over the world.

Geography

  • Gilgit-Baltistan is the northernmost administrative territory in Pakistan and is the most spectacular region in terms of its geography and scenic beauty. Here worlds three mightiest mountain ranges: the Karakoram, the Handukuch and the Himalayas, meet.

  • It covers an area of over 72,971 km2 and is highly mountainous.

  • It borders Azad Kashmir to the south, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan to the north, the Xinjiang region of China, to the east and northeast, and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast.

  • Five out of the fourteen mountain peaks with height of over 8000 meters including the K-2 (worlds second heights peak) and some of the largest glaciers outside polar regions are located in Gilgit Baltistan.

  • The Deosai Plains, are located above the tree line and constitute the second-highest plateau in the world at 4,115 metres (14,500 feet) after Tibet. The plateau lies east of Astore, south of Skardu and west of Ladakh. The area was declared as a national park in 1993. The Deosai Plains cover an area of almost 5,000 square kilometres (1,900 sq mi).

Climate

  • The climate of Gilgit-Baltistan varies from region to region, surrounding mountain ranges creates sharp variations in weather. The eastern part has the moist zone of the western Himalayas, but going toward Karakoram and Hindu Kush, the climate dries considerably.

  • There are towns like Gilgit and Chilas that are very hot during the day in summer yet cold at night and valleys like Astore, Khaplu, Yasin, Hunza, and Nagar, where the temperatures are cold even in summer.

Divisions and districts

  • Gilgit-Baltistan comprises 10 districts within three divisions.

  • Four districts, Skardu, Kharmang, Shigar and Ghanche are in the Baltistan Division.

  • Gilgit, Ghizer, Hunza, and Nagar districts are in the Gilgit Division.

  • Chilas and Astore are in Diamir Division.

  • Each district is further divided into tehsils and union councils.

  • District Map Balochistan

Mountains

Gilgit-Baltistan is home to more than 20 peaks of over 20,000 feet (6,100 m)

  • K2 : 2nd-highest peak in the world at 8,611 m.

  • Nanga Parbat : 9th-highest in the world at 8,125 m.

  • Gasherbrum I : 11th-highest in the world at 8,080 m.

  • Broad Peak : 12th-highest in the world at 8,047 m.

  • Gasherbrum II : 13th-highest in the world at 8,035 m.

  • Gasherbrum III : 15th-highest in the world at 7,946 m.

  • Gasherbrum VI : 17th-highest in the world at 7,932 m.

  • Distaghil Sar : 19th-highest in the world at 7,884 m.

  • Khunyang Chhish : 21st-highest in the world at 7823 m.

  • Masherbrum : 22nd-highest in the world at 7,821 m.

  • Batura Sar : 25th-highest in the world at 7,795 m.

  • Kanjut Sar : 26th-highest in the world at 7,788 m.

  • Rakaposhi : 27th-highest in the world at 7,760 m.

  • Saltoro Kangri : 31st-highest in the world at 7,742 m.

  • Chogolisa : 36th-highest in the world at 7,498 m.

  • Shispare : 38th-highest in the world at 7,611 m.

  • Trivora : 39th-highest in the world at 7,577 m.

  • Skyang Kangri : 44th-highest in the world at 7,545 m.

Lakes

There are several high-altitude lakes in Gilgit-Baltistan.

  • Sheosar Lake : in Deosai National Park.

  • Satpara Lake : in Skardu.

  • Katchura Lake : in Skardu.

  • Borith Lake : in upper Hunza.

  • Rama Lake : near Astore.

  • Rush Lake : near Nagar.

  • Kromber Lake : at Kromber Pass.

  • Attabad Lake : in Gojal Valley.

  • Handarap Lake : in the Shandur Valley in Ghizer.

  • Phander Lake : in the Phander Village, Ghizer District.

Glaciers

  • Three of the worlds seven longest glaciers outside the polar regions are located in Gilgit-Baltistan the Biafo Glacier, the Baltoro Glacier, and the Batura Glacier.

  • The Siachen Glacier is 75 km. long. The Hispar (53 km) joins the Biafo at the Hispar La (5154.16 meters or 16,910 ft) to form an ice corridor 116.87 km (72 mi) long. The Batura, too, is 58 km in length. The most outstanding of these rivers of ice is the 62 km Baltoro. This large glacier, fed by some 30 tributaries, has a surface area of 1291.39 sq km.